Lifestyle adjustments of adults with long-term implantable left ventricular assist devices: A phenomenologic inquiry

Jesus M. Casida, Linda Marcuccilli, Rosalind M. Peters, Susan Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To explore and describe the lifestyle adjustments made by adult recipients of a long-term implantable left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Methods: A phenomenologic inquiry was used to uncover the lifestyle adjustments of 7 men and 2 women, ages 31 to 70 years, who had an LVAD for more than 3 months after hospital discharge. Results: An overarching theme, "adjustment takes time," represents the lifestyle adjustments of the study participants. Early adjustment was highlighted by participants' concerns with physical, psychologic, and environmental aspects, whereas late adjustment was highlighted by behaviors associated with acceptance of the LVAD as an integral component of their bodies and lives. Conclusion: This study provides insight into the patient's perspective regarding the challenges faced in living with an LVAD. The findings inform health care providers in the acute and critical care settings in assisting patients to positively adjust with the lifestyle imposed by an LVAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-520
Number of pages10
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coping
  • LVADs
  • Lifestyle adjustments
  • Lifestyle modifications
  • Mechanical hearts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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