Levels and risks of depression and anxiety symptomatology among diabetic adults

Mark Peyrot, Richard R. Rubin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE - To determine levels of depression and anxiety symptoms among adults with diabetes and identify factors associated with increased risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - This study administered self-report symptom inventories to patients at the beginning (n = 634) and end (n = 578) of an outpatient diabetes education program. Subjects (n = 246) contacted by mail 6 months later completed the same instruments. RESULTS - Rates of disturbance for depression (41.3%; 95% CI: 37.4-45.2%) and anxiety (49.2%; 95% CI: 45.3- 53.1%) were higher than those typical in the general population (10-20%). Probability of disturbance ranged from 5-7% for those with the lowest risk profile to 82-92% for those with the highest risk profile. Diabetes-related complications were the only disease factor associated with significantly increased risk of disturbance. Women and those with less education were at much higher risk. Only 13% of those followed for 6 months were disturbed at all three time-points. CONCLUSIONS - Diabetes is associated with increased risk of psychological disturbance, especially for those with more diabetes- related complications. Sociodemographic factors account for much of the risk differential among people with diabetes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)585-590
    Number of pages6
    JournalDiabetes Care
    Volume20
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Apr 1997

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    Anxiety
    Depression
    Diabetes Complications
    Education
    Postal Service
    Self Report
    Research Design
    Outpatients
    Psychology
    Equipment and Supplies
    Population

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Internal Medicine
    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

    Cite this

    Levels and risks of depression and anxiety symptomatology among diabetic adults. / Peyrot, Mark; Rubin, Richard R.

    In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 20, No. 4, 04.1997, p. 585-590.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Peyrot, M & Rubin, RR 1997, 'Levels and risks of depression and anxiety symptomatology among diabetic adults', Diabetes Care, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 585-590.
    Peyrot, Mark ; Rubin, Richard R. / Levels and risks of depression and anxiety symptomatology among diabetic adults. In: Diabetes Care. 1997 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 585-590.
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