Leukotriene B4-Driven Neutrophil Recruitment to the Skin Is Essential for Allergic Skin Inflammation

Michiko K. Oyoshi, Rui He, Yitang Li, Subhanjan Mondal, Juhan Yoon, Roshi Afshar, Mei Chen, David M. Lee, Hongbo R. Luo, Andrew D. Luster, John S. Cho, Lloyd S. Miller, Allison Larson, George F. Murphy, Raif S. Geha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations


Scratching triggers skin flares in atopic dermatitis. We demonstrate that scratching of human skin and tape stripping of mouse skin cause neutrophil influx. In mice, this influx was largely dependent on the generation of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) by neutrophils and their expression of the LTB4 receptor BLT1. Allergic skin inflammation in response to epicutaneous (EC) application of ovalbumin to tape-stripped skin was severely impaired in Ltb4r1-/- mice and required expression of BLT1 on both T cells and non-T cells. Cotransfer of wild-type (WT) neutrophils, but not neutrophils deficient in BLT1 or the LTB4-synthesizing enzyme LTA4H, restored the ability of WT CD4+ effector T cells to transfer allergic skin inflammation to Ltb4r1-/- recipients. Pharmacologic blockade of LTB4 synthesis inhibited allergic skin inflammation elicited by cutaneous antigen challenge in previously EC-sensitized mice. Our results demonstrate that a neutrophil-T cell axis reliant on LTB4-BLT1 interaction is required for allergic skin inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-758
Number of pages12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 19 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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