Leptin enhances feeding suppression and neural activation produced by systemically administered bombesin

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28 Scopus citations


Leptin amplifies feeding inhibition and neural activation produced by either cholecystokinin or intragastric preloads, suggesting that leptin may increase the efficacy of gastrointestinal meal-related signals. To determine whether leptin would similarly potentiate the feeding inhibitory actions of another putative satiety peptide, we evaluated the effects of third ventricular leptin administration on food intake and c-Fos activation in response to systemically administered bombesin (BN). Leptin (3.5 μg) was administered 1 h before either 0.9% saline or BN (0.32 and 1.0 nmol/kg) followed by 30-min access to Ensure liquid diet. Although neither leptin nor 0.32 nmol/kg BN alone suppressed Ensure intake, the combination reduced intake by 28%. The higher BN dose (1.0 nmol/kg) produced a significant suppression by itself but was further enhanced in the presence of leptin. Consistent with the behavioral results, c-Fos activation in the nucleus of the solitary tract was increased by combined dosages of leptin and 0.32 nmol/kg BN beyond the individual response to either peptide. In the presence of leptin, BN produced a 3.4- to 5.2-fold increase in the number of c-Fos-positive cells in the nucleus of the solitary tract compared with when BN was given alone. These data provide further support for the hypothesis that the effect of leptin on food intake may be mediated, in part, by modulating meal-related satiety signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R473-R477
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number2 58-2
StatePublished - Aug 2005


  • Brain-gut peptide
  • Hindbrain
  • Nucleus of the solitary tract
  • Satiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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