Length of Residence and Cardiovascular Health among Afro-Caribbean Immigrants in New York City

Sabena C. Thomas, Amna Umer, Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Danielle Davidov, Christiaan G. Abildso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) disproportionately affects non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) in the United States (U.S.). Afro-Caribbean (AC) immigrants comprise over 50% of the immigrant black population and are critical in understanding the health trajectories of blacks in the U.S. We assessed the relationship between length of residence (proxy measure for acculturation) and cardiovascular health (CVH) based on the American Heart Association’s (AHA) seven ideal cardiovascular health components among AC immigrants in New York City (NYC). CVH scores were categorized into poor/intermediate CVH (0–3 components) or ideal CVH (≥ 4 components). Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between length of residence in the U.S. and poor/intermediate CVH. In adjusted models, the odds of poor/intermediate CVH were significantly higher for Guyanese (OR = 3.51; 95% CI 1.03–11.95) and Haitian immigrants (OR = 8.02; 95% CI 1.88–34.12) residing in the U.S. for ≥ 10 years than for those living in the U.S. for < 10 years. Length of residence was not significantly associated with CVH among Jamaican immigrants. We found evidence of ethnic differences in the association between acculturation and CVH among AC immigrants in a major metropolitan city. Culturally tailored interventions are needed to improve the CVH of AC immigrants as they become integrated into the U.S., with special consideration of country of birth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-496
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 15 2019


  • Acculturation
  • Afro-Caribbean
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Immigrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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