Leisure-time activity among older U.S. women in relation to hormone-replacement-therapy initiation

Ross E. Andersen, Carlos J. Crespo, Shawn C. Franckowiak, Jeremy D. Walston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) and physical activity are both related to aging and health. U.S. minorities are more likely to be inactive and less likely to initiate HRT than are non-Hispanic White women. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship of race and HRT use with physical inactivity among older women (60+ years). The authors used data from 3,479 women who had participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), conducted in 1988-1994. NHANES III included an in-person interview and a medical examination. The prevalence of physical inactivity among women who reported ever having used HRT was 28.5% (CI 22.9-34.1%), compared with 40.0% (CI 35.9-44.1%) among those who had never used HRT. Mexican American and non-Hispanic Black women reported higher levels of inactivity than did non-Hispanic White women across HRT-use categories. To promote successful aging, physicians should educate postmenopausal women on the possible health benefits of HRT combined with an active lifestyle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2003


  • Estrogen
  • Exercise
  • HRT
  • Minority groups
  • Nutrition surveys
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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