Left ventricular torsion is equal in mice and humans

R. E. Henson, S. K. Song, J. S. Pastorek, J. J H Ackerman, C. H. Lorenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Global cardiac function has been studied in small animals with methods such as echocardiography, cine-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cardiac catheterization. However, these modalities make little impact on delineation of pathophysiology at the tissue level. The advantage of tagged cine-MRI technique is that the twisting motion of the ventricle, referred to as torsion, can be measured noninvasively, reflecting the underlying shearing motion of individual planes of myofibrils that generate wall thickening and ventricular ejection. Thus we sought to determine whether the mechanism of ventricular ejection, as measured by torsion, was the same in both humans and mice. Nine mice and ten healthy humans were studied with tagged cine-MRI. The magnitude and systolic time course of ventricular torsion were equivalent in mouse and humans, when normalized for heart rate and ventricular length. The end-systolic torsion angle was 12.7 ± 1.7°in humans vs. 2.0 ± 1.5°in mice unnormalized and 1.9 ± 0.3°/cm vs. 2.7 ± 2.3°/cm when normalized for ventricular length). These results support the premise that ventricular torsion may be a uniform measure of normal ventricular ejection across mammalian species and heart sizes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume278
Issue number4 47-4
StatePublished - Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Kinematics
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Murine
  • Ventricular function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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