Left Ventricular Function Across the Spectrum of Body Mass Index in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study

Vivek G. Patel, Deepak K. Gupta, James G. Terry, Edmond K. Kabagambe, Thomas J. Wang, Aldolfo Correa, Michael Griswold, Herman Taylor, John Jeffrey Carr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives This study sought to assess whether body mass index (BMI) was associated with subclinical left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in African-American individuals. Background Higher BMI is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including heart failure. Obesity disproportionately affects African Americans; however, the association between higher BMI and LV function in African Americans is not well understood. Methods Peak systolic circumferential strain (ECC) was measured by tagged cardiac magnetic resonance in 1,652 adult African-American participants of the Jackson Heart Study between 2008 and 2012. We evaluated the association between BMI and ECC in multivariate linear regression and restricted cubic spline analyses adjusted for prevalent cardiovascular disease, conventional cardiovascular risk factors, LV mass, and ejection fraction. In exploratory analyses, we also examined whether inflammation, insulin resistance, or volume of visceral adipose tissue altered the association between BMI and ECC. Results The proportions of female, nonsmokers, diabetic, and hypertensive participants rose with increase in BMI. In multivariate-adjusted models, higher BMI was associated with worse ECC (β = 0.052; 95% confidence interval: 0.028 to 0.075), even in the setting of preserved LV ejection fraction. Higher BMI was also associated with worse ECC when accounting for markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein, E-selection, and P-selectin), insulin resistance, and volume of visceral adipose tissue. Conclusions Higher BMI is significantly associated with subclinical LV dysfunction in African Americans, even in the setting of preserved LV ejection fraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-190
Number of pages9
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • BMI
  • cardiovascular disease
  • heart failure
  • Jackson Heart Study
  • LV function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Patel, V. G., Gupta, D. K., Terry, J. G., Kabagambe, E. K., Wang, T. J., Correa, A., Griswold, M., Taylor, H., & Carr, J. J. (2017). Left Ventricular Function Across the Spectrum of Body Mass Index in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study. JACC: Heart Failure, 5(3), 182-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchf.2016.12.020