The Le Fort fracture without maxillary mobility constitutes 9 percent of maxillary fractures observed over a 3-year period. A high Le Fort (level II or III) injury exists as a one- or two-piece incomplete fracture. The degree of fracture is insufficient to permit mobility of the maxillary alveolus. Frequently, an obvious unilateral zygomatic fracture is present. Physical findings consist of bilateral eyelid ecchymosis and malocclusion. The occlusal disturbance may consist of either crossbite, open bite, maxillary rotation, or lack of proper dental intercuspation. On CT scan, fractures are best demonstrated in the posterior and medial maxillary walls at the Le Fort I level; they are most obvious unilaterally with contralateral fractures that may be subtle. Bilateral maxillary sinus fluid is consistently present on CT. Treatment usually consists of observation and traction elastics but may require mobilization of the fragments followed by open reduction and rigid fixation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas