Lateral interactions in primary visual cortex: A model bridging physiology and psychophysics

Martin Stemmler, Marius Usher, Ernst Niebur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent physiological studies show that the spatial context of visual stimuli enhances the response of cells in primary visual cortex to weak stimuli and suppresses the response to strong stimuli. A model of orientation-tuned neurons was constructed to explore the role of lateral cortical connections in this dual effect. The differential effect of excitatory and inhibitory current and noise conveyed by the lateral connections explains the physiological results as well as the psychophysics of pop-out and contour completion. Exploiting the model's property of stochastic resonance, the visual context changes the model's intrinsic input variability to enhance the detection of weak signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1877-1880
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume269
Issue number5232
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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