Late preconditioning against stunning is not mediated by increased antioxidant defenses in conscious pigs

Xian Liang Tang, Yumin Qiu, Julio F. Turrens, Jian Zhong Sun, Roberto Bolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies in conscious pigs have demonstrated that a sequence of ten 2-min coronary occlusion/2-min reperfusion cycles renders the heart relatively resistant to myocardial stunning 24 h later [late preconditioning (PC) against stunning] by an unknown mechanism. Since oxygen radicals contribute importantly to myocardial stunning and since antioxidant enzymes have been reported to be upregulated 24 h after PC in dogs and rabbits, we tested the hypothesis that late PC against stunning is related to an increase in endogenous antioxidant defenses. Chronically instrumented conscious pigs underwent a sequence of ten 2-min coronary occlusion/2-min reperfusion cycles (preconditioned group, n = 11) or received no intervention (control group, n = 5). Twenty-four hours later, pigs were killed and the myocardial levels of Mn superoxide dismutase (SOD), Cu-Zn SOD, catalase, glutathione (GSH) peroxidase. GSH reductase, GSH, GSH disulfide, α-tocopherol, and ascorbate were measured. There were no differences in any of the enzymatic or nonenzymatic antioxidants between the ischemic and nonischemic regions in the preconditioned group or between the control and the preconditioned group. Thus, when a marked protection against stunning was present (24 h after PC), no alteration in antioxidant defenses was observed. These results indicate that, in conscious pigs, late PC against myocardial stunning is not mediated by increased endogenous antioxidant defenses, thereby refuting one of the major current hypotheses regarding this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1651-H1657
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume273
Issue number4 42-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Ascorbate
  • Catelase
  • Glutathione peroxidase
  • Glutathione reductase
  • Superoxide dismutase
  • Tocopherol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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