Late Onset Optic Neuropathy in Methylmalonic and Propionic Acidemia

Zoë R. Williams, P. Emmett Hurley, Ugur E. Altiparmak, Steven E. Feldon, Georgianne L. Arnold, Eric Eggenberger, Luis J. Mejico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To describe 3 cases of late-onset bilateral optic neuropathy with visual dysfunction in patients with organic acidemia. Design: Retrospective case series. Methods: A total of 3 subjects, a 16-year-old male with methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), a 21-year-old male with MMA, and a 20-year-old female with propionic acidemia (PA), are included in this series. Comparison of the patients' clinical course, ophthalmologic exam, and testing are discussed. The outcome measures include visual acuity (VA), fundus appearance, visual fields, brain imaging, and genetic testing. Results: All 3 subjects had late-onset severe bilateral VA loss with bilateral optic nerve pallor, central or cecocentral scotomas on visual field testing, and negative diagnostic workups for other causes of bilateral optic neuropathy. Conclusions: Patients with organic acidemia may develop late-onset bilateral optic neuropathy with visual dysfunction despite lifelong propiogenic amino acid restriction and dietary supplementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)929-933
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume147
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Williams, Z. R., Hurley, P. E., Altiparmak, U. E., Feldon, S. E., Arnold, G. L., Eggenberger, E., & Mejico, L. J. (2009). Late Onset Optic Neuropathy in Methylmalonic and Propionic Acidemia. American journal of ophthalmology, 147(5), 929-933. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2008.12.024