We hypothesize that first trimester circulating micro particle (CMP) proteins will define preeclampsia risk while identifying clusters of disease subtypes among cases. We performed a nested case–control analysis among women with and without preeclampsia. Cases diagnosed < 34 weeks’ gestation were matched to controls. Plasma CMPs were isolated via size exclusion chromatography and analyzed using global proteome profiling based on HRAM mass spectrometry. Logistic models then determined feature selection with best performing models determined by cross-validation. K-means clustering examined cases for phenotypic subtypes and biological pathway enrichment was examined. Our results indicated that the proteins distinguishing cases from controls were enriched in biological pathways involved in blood coagulation, hemostasis and tissue repair. A panel consisting of C1RL, GP1BA, VTNC, and ZA2G demonstrated the best distinguishing performance (AUC of 0.79). Among the cases of preeclampsia, two phenotypic sub clusters distinguished cases; one enriched for platelet degranulation and blood coagulation pathways and the other for complement and immune response-associated pathways (corrected p < 0.001). Significantly, the second of the two clusters demonstrated lower gestational age at delivery (p = 0.049), increased protein excretion (p = 0.01), more extreme laboratory derangement (p < 0.0001) and marginally increased diastolic pressure (p = 0.09). We conclude that CMP-associated proteins at 12 weeks’ gestation predict the overall risk of developing early preeclampsia and indicate distinct subtypes of pathophysiology and clinical morbidity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas