Laser ablation of embryonic veins in children

Mark Bittles, Diana S. Jodeh, Jennifer L.R. Mayer, Michael Gallant, Stephen Rottgers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Klippel–Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) and related overgrowth syndromes are rare conditions that often present to academic pediatric units and multidisciplinary vascular anomaly clinics. These conditions are commonly associated with abnormalities of the superficial and deep venous structures and carry an increased risk of venous thromboembolism. Methods: A retrospective chart review was completed of all patients treated at Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital with endovenous laser ablation therapy (EVLT) for management of dilated embryonic veins in the setting of limb overgrowth. Results: Three patients with limb overgrowth underwent EVLT between 2015 and 2017. All patients had successful occlusion of the targeted veins on post-procedure imaging. One patient developed a cellulitis successfully treated with oral antibiotics. Conclusions: Endovenous laser ablation therapy is a well-tolerated and safe procedure for prophylactic closure of abnormal superficial embryonic veins. This study supports the use of this technique in managing increased thromboembolic risk in this unique patient population and recognizes the need for a long-term study to determine its efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-363
Number of pages6
JournalPediatrics International
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • endovenous laser ablation
  • Klippel–Trenaunay syndrome
  • overgrowth syndromes
  • varicose veins
  • venous malformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Laser ablation of embryonic veins in children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this