Large colorectal polyps: Endoscopic management and rate of malignancy: Does size matter?

Sushil K. Ahlawat, Naveen Gupta, Stanley B. Benjamin, Firas Al Kawas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background And Study Aims: High rate of malignancy has been reported in large colorectal polyps. However, studies were limited by including surgically resected polypoid lesions, only polyp ≥3 cm, only sessile polyps or carcinoma in situ. The aim of the study was to define the prevalence of invasive carcinoma among colorectal polyps ≥2 cm in diameter detected by colonoscopy and also to study the success of endoscopic resection. Patients And Methods: All polypectomies of ≥2 cm colorectal polyps were identified from our endoscopy and pathology database and patients' medical records were reviewed for gross features, techniques of resection, complications, histology, and follow-up. Standard statistical tests were applied for calculating the rates, prevalence, and difference in proportions. Results: Colonoscopic resection of 183 large polyps was performed in 174 patients over a period of 6 years (55% men and 45% women), mean age 64 years (median 67 y and range 25-91 y). The majority of polyps were sessile (84%). Fifty-six percent were located in the right colon. Invasive cancer was found in 10% of polyps. Endoscopic resection was successful in 89% of patients. Postpolypectomy bleeding and perforation was noted in 5% and 2% of patients, respectively. No death was observed. Seventy-eight percent of patients completed >1 year of follow-up after initial polypectomy. Recurrence of adenoma was noted in 12%, which was managed successfully by colonoscopic polypectomy techniques. Conclusions: The rate of invasive cancer is low among endoscopically resected large colorectal polyps and most of these polyps can be resected successfully via colonoscopy with minimal morbidity and no mortality. A close endoscopic follow-up is required to monitor for recurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-354
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • colon adenoma
  • colon polyp
  • colonoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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