Lansoprazole compared with histamine2-receptor antagonists in healing gastric ulcers: A meta-analysis

Sean R. Tunis, Iris A. Sheinhait, Christopher H. Schmid, Daren J. Bishop, Susan D. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To compare the gastric ulcer healing rates of lansoprazole with histamine2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs) (ranitidine, famotidine, cimetidine, and roxatidine), a meta-analysis was performed using data from five published and eight unpublished randomized controlled trials. Analyses were performed using (1) both evaluable patients (n = 1527) and all randomized patients (n = 1655) (assuming that patients lost to follow-up were treatment failures); (2) all studies and a subset of studies that received high methodologic quality scores; and (3) fixed-effects, random-effects, and Bayesian statistical models. In all cases, lansoprazole was associated with a significantly higher rate of endoscopic healing at both 4 and 8 weeks compared with the H2RAs. When the most conservative Bayesian statistical model and intent-to-treat analysis were used, lansoprazole was associated with a 33% higher healing rate at 4 weeks (risk ratio = 1.33; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.19 to 1.49) and a 12% higher healing rate at 8 weeks (risk ratio = 1.12; 95% CI = 1.06 to 1.19) than were the H,RA. agents. Similar results were obtained when the meta-analysis was performed on evaluable rather than all randomized patients and using the three different analytical techniques noted above. Slightly lower, though still highly significant, improvement in ulcer healing rates was obtained when the meta-analysis was performed using a subset of six studies that received high methodologic quality scores. These results support the conclusion that lansoprazole heals ulcers more quickly than do the H2RAs and also achieves higher overall rates of healing. The eradication of Helicobacter pylori associated with gastric ulcers was not assessed in individual studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-757
Number of pages15
JournalClinical Therapeutics
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gastric ulcer
  • Lansoprazole
  • Meta-analysis
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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