Lamellar keratoplasty using gamma-irradiated corneal lenticules

Canan Asli Utine, Jonathan Heng Tzu, Esen Karamursel Akpek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose To report the clinical outcomes of lamellar keratoplasty using sterile, gamma-irradiated corneal tissues (VisionGraft) for partial-thickness corneal defects. Design Interventional case series. Methods The medical records of 10 patients with partial-thickness corneal defects who were operated at The Wilmer Eye Institute between April 2009 and December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Indications for surgery included corneal melt with microperforation (n = 6), keratoprosthesis-associated corneal melt (n = 2), and noninflammatory limbal lesions (n = 2). The grafts were fashioned from full- or partial-thickness tissues using disposable trephines, based on the depth, shape, and size of the defect in the recipient bed, and were secured with multiple interrupted 10/0 nylon sutures. Rate of epithelialization and clarity of the grafts at the last visit were assessed retrospectively. Results All but 1 graft became epithelialized between postoperative 1st and 13th days. Corneal inflammation progressed in the 1 patient with Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis- associated corneal melt, probably attributable to the progression of underlying Sjgren syndrome, despite initiation of systemic immunomodulatory treatment, and required replacement of the device. The donor tissues remained clear in all the other cases over a period of 7 to 15 months. No immune rejection, infection, significant opacification, or neovascularization of the donor tissues were noted during a follow-up period. Conclusions VisionGraft may be considered in lieu of fresh donor corneas for lamellar corneal patch grafts because of its availability, easy handling, and lack of immunogenicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-174.e1
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume151
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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