Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic modification in the germline leading to parental allele-specific gene expression in somatic cells. We have previously found that imprinted genes can be abnormally expressed or silenced in tumors and that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI) CDKN1C (p57(KIP2)) is normally imprinted, with preferential expression of the maternal allele. Here we analyze the imprinting status of three additional CKIs, the abnormal expression and/or chromosomal localization of which has been implicated in human malignancy: CDKN1A, CDKN1B, and CDAN2C. Allele- specific expression was examined by reverse transcription-PCR, using primers that span transcribed polymorphisms as well as exon/intron boundaries, to distinguish cDNA products from genomic DNA. Biallelic expression was observed for all three genes in both fetal and adult tissues. Thus, genomic imprinting is not a generalized feature of CKIs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research