Labeling of the cerebellar peduncles using a supervised Gaussian classifier with volumetric tract segmentation

Chuyang Ye, Pierre Louis Bazin, John A. Bogovic, Sarah H. Ying, Jerry L. Prince

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The cerebellar peduncles are white matter tracts that play an important role in the communication of the cerebellum with other regions of the brain. They can be grouped into three fiber bundles: inferior cerebellar peduncle, middle cerebellar peduncle, and superior cerebellar peduncle. Their automatic segmentation on diffusion tensor images would enable a better understanding of the cerebellum and would be less time-consuming and more reproducible than manual delineation. This paper presents a method that automatically labels the three fiber bundles based on the segmentation results from the diffusion oriented tract segmentation (DOTS) algorithm, which achieves volume segmentation of white matter tracts using a Markov random field (MRF) framework. We use the DOTS labeling result as a guide to determine the classification of fibers produced by wild bootstrap probabilistic tractography. Mean distances from each fiber to each DOTS volume label are defined and then used as features that contribute to classification. A supervised Gaussian classifier is employed to label the fibers. Manually delineated cerebellar peduncles serve as training data to determine the parameters of class probabilities for each label. Fibers are labeled as the class that has the highest posterior probability. An outlier detection step removes fiber tracts that belong to noise or that are not modeled by DOTS. Experiments show a successful classification of the cerebellar peduncles. We have also compared results between successive scans to demonstrate the reproducibility of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2012
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2012
EventMedical Imaging 2012: Image Processing - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 6 2012Feb 9 2012

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume8314
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2012: Image Processing
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period2/6/122/9/12

Keywords

  • Cerebellar peduncles
  • DOTS
  • DTI
  • Fiber labeling
  • Supervised Gaussian classifier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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