Labeling of proteins with [35S]methionine and/or [35S]cysteine in the absence of cells

Lin Chi Chen, Arturo Casadevall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Incubation of [35S]methionine and [35S]cysteine with bovine albumin, globulin, catalase, hemoglobin, or human globulin resulted in incorporation of the 35S label into each of these proteins. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) precipitation revealed that the percentage of label incorporated ranged from 1 to 15%. The 35S labeling was resistant to dissociation by reducing SDS- PAGE, prolonged dialysis against 4 M urea, heating, TCA precipitation, and dilution by gel filtration. The labeling effect was more efficient with [35S]cysteine than [35S]methionine. Incubation of 35S label with proteins differing in methionine and cysteine content revealed no requirement for sulfur-containing amino acids in the target protein. Protein carboxymethylation reduced but did not prevent 35S label incorporation. Amino acid analysis of labeled proteins revealed that the radioactive label was not consistently associated with an individual amino acid. Differences in the ability of various proteins to spontaneously label with these amino acids suggest caution in the interpretation of metabolic labeling experiments and the necessity for inclusion of additional controls. Alternatively, our experience indicates a potentially useful method for labeling proteins in the absence of cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-188
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical biochemistry
Volume269
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Artifact
  • Cryptococcus neoformans
  • Cysteine
  • Labeling
  • Methionine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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