KSHV RTA abolishes NF B responsive gene expression during lytic reactivation by targeting vFLIP for degradation via the proteasome

Elana S. Ehrlich, Jennifer C. Chmura, John C. Smith, Nene N. Kalu, Gary S. Hayward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) is a gamma-2 herpesvirus present in all cases of Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and some cases of multicentric Castleman's disease. Viral FLICE inhibitory protein (vFLIP) is a latently expressed gene that has been shown to be essential for survival of latently infected PEL cells by activating the NFkB pathway. Inhibitors of either vFLIP expression or the NF B pathway result in enhanced lytic reactivation and apoptosis. We have observed a decrease in vFLIP protein levels and of NFkB activation in the presence of the KSHV lytic switch protein RTA. Whereas vFLIP alone induced expression of the NF B responsive genes ICAM1 and TNFa, inclusion of RTA decreased vFLIP induced ICAM1 and TNFa expression in both co-transfected 293T cells and in doxycycline induced TREx BCBL1 cells. RTA expression resulted in proteasome dependent destabilization of vFLIP. Neither RTA ubiquitin E3 ligase domain mutants nor a dominant-negative RAUL mutant abrogated this effect, while RTA truncation mutants did, suggesting that RTA recruits a novel cellular ubiquitin E3 ligase to target vFLIP for proteasomal degradation, allowing for inhibition of NF B responsive gene expression early during lytic reactivation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere91359
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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