Kruppel-like factor 4 is essential for inflammatory monocyte differentiation in vivo

Jonathan K. Alder, Robert W. Georgantas, Richard L. Hildreth, Ian M. Kaplan, Sebastien Morisot, Xiaobing Yu, Michael Mcdevitt, Curt I. Civin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Several members of the Kruppel-like factor (KLF) family of transcription factors play important roles in differentiation, survival, and trafficking of blood and immune cell types. We demonstrate in this study that hematopoietic cells from KLF4-/- fetal livers (FL) contained normal numbers of functional hematopoietic progenitor cells, were radioprotective, and performed as well as KLF4+/+ cells in competitive repopulation assays. However, hematopoietic "KLF4-/- chimeras" generated by transplantation of KLF4-/- fetal livers cells into lethally irradiated wild-type mice completely lacked circulating inflammatory (CD115+Grl+) monocytes, and had reduced numbers of resident (CD115 +Grl-) monocytes. Although the numbers and function of peritoneal macrophages were normal in KLF4-/- chimeras, bone marrow monocytic cells from KLF4-/- chimeras expressed lower levels of key trafficking molecules and were more apoptotic. Thus, our in vivo loss-of-function studies demonstrate that KLF4, previously shown to mediate proinflammatory signaling in human macrophages in vitro, is essential for differentiation of mouse inflammatory monocytes, and is involved in the differentiation of resident monocytes. In addition, inducible expression of KLF4 in the HL60 human acute myeloid leukemia cell line stimulated monocytic differentiation and enhanced 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate induced macrophage differentiation, but blocked all-trans -retinoic acid induced granulocytic differentiation of HL60 cells. The inflammation-selective effects of loss-of-KLF4 and the gain-of-KLF4-induced monocytic differentiation in HL60 cells identify KLF4 as a key regulator of monocytic differentiation and a potential target for translational immune modulation. The Journal of Immunology, 2008, 180:

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5645-5652
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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