Conocimiento sobre el VIH y las infecciones de transmisión sexual en inmigrantes latinoamericanos y magrebíes en Cataluña

Translated title of the contribution: Knowledge of HIV and sexually-transmitted diseases in Latin American and Maghrebi immigrants in Catalonia (Spain)

Erika Ríos, Laia Ferrer, Jordi Casabona, Joan Caylá, Àngels Avecilla, Jordi Gómez I Prat, Jesús Edison, Olga Pérez, Susana García, Pere Torán, Marta Ruiz, Teresa Gros, Lourdes Rodríguez, David Arribas, Cinta Folch, Anna Esteve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To describe and compare levels of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and condom use in the immigrant population. Method: We performed a cross-sectional study by means of a semi-structured questionnaire and face-to face interviews in 238 Latin American and Maghrebi users of medical centers in the Barcelona and North Barcelona-Maresme health areas. The questionnaire included sociodemographic variables and questions on sexual behavior and general knowledge about HIV/AIDS, transmission mechanisms, and means of prevention. A logistic regression model was used to identify the determinants of 'inadequate knowledge of HIV/AIDS'. Results: A total of 53.8% of interviewees had inadequate knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Univariate analysis showed inadequate knowledge to be associated with being from the Maghreb, not living in Barcelona, being without work and not having educational qualifications. Multivariate analysis revealed that the only variables significantly associated with inadequate knowledge were being from the Maghreb as opposed to being from Latin America (OR=4.99; 95% CI: 2.74-5.10) and being unemployed as opposed to being employed (OR=2.59; 95% IC: 1.42-4.73). Condoms were seen as an effective prevention method, but 42.1% of interviewees did not use them in occasional relationships. Conclusions: Knowledge of routes of HIV transmission should be improved and mistaken ideas about infection should be eliminated among Latin American and Maghrebi immigrants. The immigrant population is a vulnerable group that ought to be prioritized to promote prevention programs adapted to its linguistic and cultural specificities. Evaluating the effectiveness of the interventions performed is essential to monitor lack of information, mistaken ideas and sexual behavior in this group.

Translated title of the contributionKnowledge of HIV and sexually-transmitted diseases in Latin American and Maghrebi immigrants in Catalonia (Spain)
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)533-538
Number of pages6
JournalGaceta Sanitaria
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Attitudes
  • HIV
  • Immigration
  • Knowledge
  • Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) studies
  • Sexual behavior
  • Sexually transmitted infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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