Knowledge of and attitudes to influenza vaccination in healthy primary healthcare workers in Spain, 2011-2012

Angela Domínguez, Pere Godoy, Jesús Castilla, Núria Soldevila, Diana Toledo, Jenaro Astray, José María Mayoral, Sonia Tamames, Susana García-Gutiérrez, Fernando González-Candelas, Vicente Martín, José Díaz, Nuria Torner, Jordi Alonso, Maretva Baricot, Joan Caylà, Sara Lafuente, Manuel García Cenoz, Iván Martínez Baz, José María QuintanaAmaia Bilbao González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for healthcare workers, but many do not follow the recommendation. The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with seasonal influenza vaccination in the 2011-2012 season. We carried out an anonymous web survey of Spanish primary healthcare workers in 2012. Information on vaccination, and knowledge and attitudes about the influenza vaccine was collected. Workers with medical conditions that contraindicated vaccination and those with high risk conditions were excluded. Multivariate analysis was performed using unconditional logistic regression. We included 1,749 workers. The overall vaccination coverage was 50.7% and was higher in workers aged ≥ 55 years (55.7%), males (57.4%) and paediatricians (63.1%). Factors associated with vaccination were concern about infection at work (aOR 4.93; 95% CI 3.72-6.53), considering that vaccination of heathcare workers is important (aOR 2.62; 95%CI 1.83-3.75) and that vaccination is effective in preventing influenza and its complications (aOR 2.40; 95% CI 1.56-3.67). No association was found between vaccination and knowledge of influenza or the vaccine characteristics. Educational programs should aim to remove the misconceptions and attitudes that limit compliance with recommendations about influenza vaccination in primary healthcare workers rather than only increasing knowledge about influenza and the characteristics of the vaccine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere81200
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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