It has been shown that the anatomy of major white matter tracts can be delineated using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. Tract reconstruction, however, often suffers from a large number of false-negative results when a simple line propagation algorithm is used. This limits the application of this technique to only the core of prominent white matter tracts. By employing probabilistic path-generation algorithms, connectivity between a larger number of anatomical regions can be studied, but an increase in the number of false-positive results is inevitable. One of the causes of the inaccuracy is the complex axonal anatomy within a voxel; however, high-angular resolution (HAR) methods have been proposed to ameliorate this limitation. However, HAR data are relatively rare due to the long scan times required and the low signal-to-noise ratio. In this study, we tested a probabilistic path-finding method in which two anatomical regions with known connectivity were pre-defined and a path that maximized agreement with the DTI data was searched. To increase the accuracy of the trajectories, knowledge-based anatomical constraints were applied. The reconstruction protocols were tested using DTI data from 19 normal subjects to examine test-retest reproducibility and cross-subject variability. Fifty-two tracts were found to be reliably reconstructed using this approach, which can be viewed on our website.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cognitive Neuroscience