Knowledge and perception of HIV/AIDS among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Ogun State, Nigeria

Adeniyi K. Adeneye, Margaret A. Mafe, Adejuwon A. Adeneye, Kabiru K. Salami, William R. Brieger, Musbau A. Titiloye, Taiwo A. Adewole, Philip U. Agomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) is responsible for more than 90% of the cases of HIV infection in infants and children in sub-Saharan Africa. Accurate data on the knowledge and perceptions of HIV/AIDS among women attending antenatal clinics in Nigeria are scarce. A cross-sectional survey of 804 women attending antenatal clinics in Ogun State, South-West Nigeria was done using interviewer-administered questionnaires. Approximately 90% of the women respondents had heard of HIV/AIDS, but only about 27% knew HIV could be transmitted from mother to child; of those, almost 94% believed in the reality of HIV disease; in contrast, the majority (64%) believed they were not at risk of HIV infection, and a slightly greater proportion (70%) did not understand the benefits of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT). Nonetheless, almost 90% of respondents were willing to know their status following health education about VCT. Those that were older, attending public hospitals, and with a higher level of education had more knowledge and better perceptions about HIV. The results suggest an urgent need for public health education on HIV/AIDS and the benefits of VCT to control MTCT, particularly targeting young women and those with little or no education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-279
Number of pages7
JournalAfrican Journal of AIDS Research
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Access to healthcare
  • Africa
  • Attitudes
  • Mother-to-child transmission of HIV
  • Voluntary counselling and testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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