Kinetic differences between Type I and Type II benzodiazepine receptors

R. R. Trifiletti, M. M.S. Lo, S. H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The kinetic properties of [3H]flunitrazepam ([3H]FNZ) binding to central benzodiazepine receptors of bovine brain membranes at 0° have been studied. Both dissociation and association (under pseudo-first order conditions) kinetics are biphasic, enabling definition of 'fast' and 'slow' compartments for both processes. In four brain regions examined, the proportion of receptor in the rapidly associating and rapidly dissociating compartments correlates with the proportin of Type I benzodiazepine receptor as determined from equilibrium radioligand binding studies in the four brain regions examined. Preincubation with the Type I-selective drugs CL-218,872 or methyl-β-carboline-3-carboxylate (Ro 22-7497) reduces the size of the fast but not the slow kinetic compartments. Potencies of the drugs in eliciting these alterations in [3H]FNZ kinetics correlate with their potencies in displacing [3H]FNZ from Type I benzodiazepine receptors. Thus, in membrane preparations the more rapidly associating and dissociating site appears to represent the pharmacologically defined Type I benzodiazepine receptor, whereas the Type II receptors display slower association and dissociation kinetics. Soluble Type I receptors also display more rapid dissociation and association kinetics than soluble Type II receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-240
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume26
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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