Kinetic and molecular species analyses of mitogen-induced increases in diglycerides: Evidence for stimulated hydrolysis of phosphoinositides and phosphatidylcholine

Daniel Max Raben, M. S. Pessin, L. A. Rangan, T. M. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A wide variety of agonist-induced events appear to be mediated through an increase in cellular diglyceride levels. With regard to the ability of diglycerides to mediate these events, three important parameters must be considered: a) the kinetics of diglyceride generation, b) the absolute mass levels, and c) their molecular species. While this increase is often due to a stimulated hydrolysis of phosphoinositides, there is increasing evidence that the stimulated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine also contributes to agonist-induced increases in diglyceride levels. The kinetics of mass increases in diglyceride levels stimulated in cultured fibroblasts are agonist-dependent. High concentrations of α-thrombin stimulate a biphasic increase in diglyceride levels with the first phase peaking at 15 s and the second phase peaking at 5 min. In contrast, stimulation with epidermal growth factor, or platelet-derived growth factor, results in a monophasic increase in cellular diglyceride levels. Furthermore, the molecular species and phospholipid source of the stimulated diglycerides are also agonist-dependent. While the hydrolysis of phosphoinositides is major source of diglycerides initially generated in response to some agonists (15 s with α-thrombin at 500 ng/ml), phosphatidylcholine is hydrolyzed as well. Following longer incubations, or at all times following stimulation by epidermal growth factor or platelet-derived growth factor, phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis is the principal source of the stimulated diglycerides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-125
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume44
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990

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Diglycerides
Phosphatidylinositols
Phosphatidylcholines
Mitogens
Hydrolysis
Kinetics
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Epidermal Growth Factor
Thrombin
Fibroblasts
Phospholipids

Keywords

  • capillary gas chromatography
  • kinetics
  • mitogen-stimulated diglycerides
  • molecular species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Kinetic and molecular species analyses of mitogen-induced increases in diglycerides: Evidence for stimulated hydrolysis of phosphoinositides and phosphatidylcholine",
abstract = "A wide variety of agonist-induced events appear to be mediated through an increase in cellular diglyceride levels. With regard to the ability of diglycerides to mediate these events, three important parameters must be considered: a) the kinetics of diglyceride generation, b) the absolute mass levels, and c) their molecular species. While this increase is often due to a stimulated hydrolysis of phosphoinositides, there is increasing evidence that the stimulated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine also contributes to agonist-induced increases in diglyceride levels. The kinetics of mass increases in diglyceride levels stimulated in cultured fibroblasts are agonist-dependent. High concentrations of α-thrombin stimulate a biphasic increase in diglyceride levels with the first phase peaking at 15 s and the second phase peaking at 5 min. In contrast, stimulation with epidermal growth factor, or platelet-derived growth factor, results in a monophasic increase in cellular diglyceride levels. Furthermore, the molecular species and phospholipid source of the stimulated diglycerides are also agonist-dependent. While the hydrolysis of phosphoinositides is major source of diglycerides initially generated in response to some agonists (15 s with α-thrombin at 500 ng/ml), phosphatidylcholine is hydrolyzed as well. Following longer incubations, or at all times following stimulation by epidermal growth factor or platelet-derived growth factor, phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis is the principal source of the stimulated diglycerides.",
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T2 - Evidence for stimulated hydrolysis of phosphoinositides and phosphatidylcholine

AU - Raben, Daniel Max

AU - Pessin, M. S.

AU - Rangan, L. A.

AU - Wright, T. M.

PY - 1990

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N2 - A wide variety of agonist-induced events appear to be mediated through an increase in cellular diglyceride levels. With regard to the ability of diglycerides to mediate these events, three important parameters must be considered: a) the kinetics of diglyceride generation, b) the absolute mass levels, and c) their molecular species. While this increase is often due to a stimulated hydrolysis of phosphoinositides, there is increasing evidence that the stimulated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine also contributes to agonist-induced increases in diglyceride levels. The kinetics of mass increases in diglyceride levels stimulated in cultured fibroblasts are agonist-dependent. High concentrations of α-thrombin stimulate a biphasic increase in diglyceride levels with the first phase peaking at 15 s and the second phase peaking at 5 min. In contrast, stimulation with epidermal growth factor, or platelet-derived growth factor, results in a monophasic increase in cellular diglyceride levels. Furthermore, the molecular species and phospholipid source of the stimulated diglycerides are also agonist-dependent. While the hydrolysis of phosphoinositides is major source of diglycerides initially generated in response to some agonists (15 s with α-thrombin at 500 ng/ml), phosphatidylcholine is hydrolyzed as well. Following longer incubations, or at all times following stimulation by epidermal growth factor or platelet-derived growth factor, phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis is the principal source of the stimulated diglycerides.

AB - A wide variety of agonist-induced events appear to be mediated through an increase in cellular diglyceride levels. With regard to the ability of diglycerides to mediate these events, three important parameters must be considered: a) the kinetics of diglyceride generation, b) the absolute mass levels, and c) their molecular species. While this increase is often due to a stimulated hydrolysis of phosphoinositides, there is increasing evidence that the stimulated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine also contributes to agonist-induced increases in diglyceride levels. The kinetics of mass increases in diglyceride levels stimulated in cultured fibroblasts are agonist-dependent. High concentrations of α-thrombin stimulate a biphasic increase in diglyceride levels with the first phase peaking at 15 s and the second phase peaking at 5 min. In contrast, stimulation with epidermal growth factor, or platelet-derived growth factor, results in a monophasic increase in cellular diglyceride levels. Furthermore, the molecular species and phospholipid source of the stimulated diglycerides are also agonist-dependent. While the hydrolysis of phosphoinositides is major source of diglycerides initially generated in response to some agonists (15 s with α-thrombin at 500 ng/ml), phosphatidylcholine is hydrolyzed as well. Following longer incubations, or at all times following stimulation by epidermal growth factor or platelet-derived growth factor, phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis is the principal source of the stimulated diglycerides.

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