Kinematics and dynamic stability of the locomotion of polio patients

Yildirim Hurmuzlu, Cagatay Basdogan, Dan Stoianovici

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

The study reported in this article was conducted to propose a set graphical and analytical tools and assess their clinical utility by analyzing gait kinematics and dynamics of polio survivors. Phase plane portraits and first return maps were used as graphical tools to detect abnormal patterns in the sagittal kinematics of polio gait. Two new scalar measures were introduced to assess the bilateral kinematic symmetry and dynamic stability of human locomotion. Nine healthy subjects and seventeen polio patients were involved in the project. Significant increases in the knee extension and ankle plantar flexion of polio patients were observed during the weight acceptance phases of their gait. Polio patients also exhibited highly noticeable excessive hip flexion during the swing phase of their ambulation. Using the proposed symmetry measure, we concluded that polio patients walked less symmetrically than normals. Our conclusion, however, was based on the bilateral symmetry in the sagittal plane only. Finally, we observed that polio patients walked significantly less stably than normals. In addition, weaknesses in lower extremity muscles of polio patients were found to be an important factor that affected stable ambulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages37-38
Number of pages2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1995 ASME International Mechanical Congress and Exposition - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Nov 12 1995Nov 17 1995

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1995 ASME International Mechanical Congress and Exposition
CitySan Francisco, CA, USA
Period11/12/9511/17/95

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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