Karoshi - Death from overwork

Occupational health consequences of Japanese production management

Katsuo Nishiyama, Jeffrey V. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is considerable international interest in Japanese production management (JPM), known in tile West as 'lean production?' Advocates of this new form of management argue that it improves both economic productivity and health. In Japan, however, the relationship between JPM and sudden death due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease has been an important topic of debate since the 1970s. Japanese have named these types of deaths karoshi, which means 'death from overwork.' In North America and Western Europe a number of studies have demonstrated a significant relationship between high job strain (high production demands and low levels of control and social support) and cardiovascular disease. This article reviews the elements of JPM and examines their potential health consequences. The authors present an overview of karoshi, discuss its possible connections to specific ideological and organizational characteristics of JPM, and suggest the job strain mechanism as a possible pathway between karoshi and JPM. They conclude by discussing the need for comparative research that examines the health effects of work organization and management methods cross-culturally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-641
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Health Services
Volume27
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

health consequences
Occupational Health
death
Health
Cardiovascular Diseases
management
Cerebrovascular Disorders
North America
Sudden Death
Social Support
Japan
Economics
lean management
Disease
work organization
Research
comparative research
Karoshi Death
health
Western Europe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Karoshi - Death from overwork : Occupational health consequences of Japanese production management. / Nishiyama, Katsuo; Johnson, Jeffrey V.

In: International Journal of Health Services, Vol. 27, No. 4, 1997, p. 625-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1798feed96954a849d25e5358f01bc7b,
title = "Karoshi - Death from overwork: Occupational health consequences of Japanese production management",
abstract = "There is considerable international interest in Japanese production management (JPM), known in tile West as 'lean production?' Advocates of this new form of management argue that it improves both economic productivity and health. In Japan, however, the relationship between JPM and sudden death due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease has been an important topic of debate since the 1970s. Japanese have named these types of deaths karoshi, which means 'death from overwork.' In North America and Western Europe a number of studies have demonstrated a significant relationship between high job strain (high production demands and low levels of control and social support) and cardiovascular disease. This article reviews the elements of JPM and examines their potential health consequences. The authors present an overview of karoshi, discuss its possible connections to specific ideological and organizational characteristics of JPM, and suggest the job strain mechanism as a possible pathway between karoshi and JPM. They conclude by discussing the need for comparative research that examines the health effects of work organization and management methods cross-culturally.",
author = "Katsuo Nishiyama and Johnson, {Jeffrey V.}",
year = "1997",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "625--641",
journal = "International Journal of Health Services",
issn = "0020-7314",
publisher = "Baywood Publishing Co. Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Karoshi - Death from overwork

T2 - Occupational health consequences of Japanese production management

AU - Nishiyama, Katsuo

AU - Johnson, Jeffrey V.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - There is considerable international interest in Japanese production management (JPM), known in tile West as 'lean production?' Advocates of this new form of management argue that it improves both economic productivity and health. In Japan, however, the relationship between JPM and sudden death due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease has been an important topic of debate since the 1970s. Japanese have named these types of deaths karoshi, which means 'death from overwork.' In North America and Western Europe a number of studies have demonstrated a significant relationship between high job strain (high production demands and low levels of control and social support) and cardiovascular disease. This article reviews the elements of JPM and examines their potential health consequences. The authors present an overview of karoshi, discuss its possible connections to specific ideological and organizational characteristics of JPM, and suggest the job strain mechanism as a possible pathway between karoshi and JPM. They conclude by discussing the need for comparative research that examines the health effects of work organization and management methods cross-culturally.

AB - There is considerable international interest in Japanese production management (JPM), known in tile West as 'lean production?' Advocates of this new form of management argue that it improves both economic productivity and health. In Japan, however, the relationship between JPM and sudden death due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease has been an important topic of debate since the 1970s. Japanese have named these types of deaths karoshi, which means 'death from overwork.' In North America and Western Europe a number of studies have demonstrated a significant relationship between high job strain (high production demands and low levels of control and social support) and cardiovascular disease. This article reviews the elements of JPM and examines their potential health consequences. The authors present an overview of karoshi, discuss its possible connections to specific ideological and organizational characteristics of JPM, and suggest the job strain mechanism as a possible pathway between karoshi and JPM. They conclude by discussing the need for comparative research that examines the health effects of work organization and management methods cross-culturally.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030696731&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030696731&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 625

EP - 641

JO - International Journal of Health Services

JF - International Journal of Health Services

SN - 0020-7314

IS - 4

ER -