Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a common malignancy in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), classically appearing as red to purple plaques containing small papules and nodules. We report our experience with an adolescent orthotopic liver transplant recipient who presented with an unusual presentation of KS. The patient had a protracted multisystem illness that began with hemolytic anemia, fevers, and fatigue and progressed to pancreatitis, sinusitis, lymphadenopathy, and mouth ulcers. The diagnosis was made by a lymph node biopsy that was performed to evaluate for Epstein-Barr virus. The classical subcutaneous nodules characteristic of KS did not become evident until shortly before the patient died. We present this case to emphasize that KS in pediatric liver transplant patients can present as a multisystem disease that progresses to disseminated organ involvement before the characteristic subcutaneous manifestations are evident.
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