Joint optimization of fluence field modulation and regularization in task-driven computed tomography

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Purpose: This work presents a task-driven joint optimization of fluence field modulation (FFM) and regularization in quadratic penalized-likelihood (PL) reconstruction. Conventional FFM strategies proposed for filtered-backprojection (FBP) are evaluated in the context of PL reconstruction for comparison. Methods: We present a task-driven framework that leverages prior knowledge of the patient anatomy and imaging task to identify FFM and regularization. We adopted a maxi-min objective that ensures a minimum level of detectability index (d') across sample locations in the image volume. The FFM designs were parameterized by 2D Gaussian basis functions to reduce dimensionality of the optimization and basis function coefficients were estimated using the covariance matrix adaptation evolutionary strategy (CMA-ES) algorithm. The FFM was jointly optimized with both space-invariant and spatially-varying regularization strength (β) - the former via an exhaustive search through discrete values and the latter using an alternating optimization where β was exhaustively optimized locally and interpolated to form a spatially-varying map. Results: The optimal FFM inverts as β increases, demonstrating the importance of a joint optimization. For the task and object investigated, the optimal FFM assigns more fluence through less attenuating views, counter to conventional FFM schemes proposed for FBP. The maxi-min objective homogenizes detectability throughout the image and achieves a higher minimum detectability than conventional FFM strategies. Conclusions: The task-driven FFM designs found in this work are counter to conventional patterns for FBP and yield better performance in terms of the maxi-min objective, suggesting opportunities for improved image quality and/or dose reduction when model-based reconstructions are applied in conjunction with FFM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2017
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditorsTaly Gilat Schmidt, Joseph Y. Lo, Thomas G. Flohr
ISBN (Electronic)9781510607095
StatePublished - 2017
EventMedical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging - Orlando, United States
Duration: Feb 13 2017Feb 16 2017

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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