Johann Bernhard Aloys von Gudden: The Unrecognized Role of the Psychiatrist and Neuroanatomist in Modern Stereotactic Neurosurgery

Volker A. Coenen, Trevor A. Hurwitz, Thomas E. Schlaepfer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Bernhard von Gudden was the founder of the famous school of psychiatry and neuroanatomy in Munich, Germany. Beyond his association with the mysterious death of King Ludwig II of Bavaria, not much is known about Bernhard von Gudden's work in neuroanatomy. He pioneered fiber tract mapping by studying the effects of neurodegeneration following brain lesions. His ideas and work lay the foundation for subsequent fiber tract mapping strategies including the latest method using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance. This paper describes and acknowledges his contribution to the field, now collectively known as connectomics, and describes how it has become an essential tool in modern stereotactic neurosurgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-69
Number of pages5
JournalStereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bernhard von Gudden
  • Brain
  • Degeneration method
  • History
  • Psychosurgery
  • Stereotaxy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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