13C-enriched deoxyribonucleosides have been isolated from the DNA of Algal cells grown in an atmosphere of 90% 13C-labelled carbon dioxide. The 13 enriched DNA was quantitatively hydrolysed with DNase I, snake venom phosphodiesterase I and alkaline phosphatase of intestinal mucosa. The resulting deoxyribonucleosides were separated by preparative reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography in 60 minutes with detection by ultraviolet absorption at 254 nm. The final products were obtained in milligram quantities in high purity and in high yield. The 1H resonances of the base and sugar protons of these deoxyribonucleosides appear as well resolved multiplets in the 600 MHz NMR spectrum, due to the extensive 1H-13C couplings. Similarly, the 13C resonances of these deoxyribonucleosides appear as multiplets in the 75.5 MHz 13C NMR spectrum, due to13C-13C couplings. The 1H-13C and 13C-13C coupling constants were also measured and tabulated. The isotopic enrichment of 13C these deoxyribonucleosides was obtained by integration of the 1H and/or 13C NMR spectra. It was found that the enrichment varied from carbon to carbon and species to species in the range of 70-89%, suggesting differential uptake and assimilation of 90% 13CO2 during metabolism pathways. This protocol provides experimentally useful quantities of 13C-enriched deoxyribonucleosides, which may be incorporated into site-specifically labeled oligonucleotides by chemical synthesis.
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