Is thrombolytic therapy safe during active menstruation?

Yao Foli Sekyema, Romulo F. Baltazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A 39-year-old female presented to the Emergency Department during the fourth day of menstruation and within 2 hours of the onset of chest pain associated with dyspnea, diaphoresis, and emesis. An electrocardiogram showed acute inferior myocardial infarction and serial CPK enzyme levels peaked at 958 IU/L with 9% MB fraction. Along with aspirin and intravenous nitroglycerin, the patient was given thrombolytic therapy consisting of tPA with an initial bolus of 35 units, followed by 65 units infused within 60 minutes together with heparin 5000 units intravenous bolus, and 1000 units/hour maintenance infusion for 5 days. The menses were prolonged 1 day longer than her usual 5 days; however, there was no increase in the amount of bleeding during any day. The hemoglobin dropped from 12.5 G/dl to 11.3 G/dl in the first 6 hours, but remained stable thereafter. This initial drop in hemoglobin was considered a dilutional effect of 1.5 L of normal saline the patient received intravenously during that period. Although no available guidelines exist regarding the safety of thrombolytic agents during active menstruation, this case report and a few others reported in the literature suggest that normal menstruation is not a contraindication to thrombolytic therapy during acute myocardial infarction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-348
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


  • acute myocardial infarction
  • menstruation
  • thrombolytic therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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