Is there a one-to-one correlation between gastric emptying of liquids and gastric myoelectrical or motor activity in dogs?

Xiaohong Xu, Zhishun Wang, James Hayes, J. D.Z. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of gastric emptying with gastric myoelectrical activity recorded from internal serosal electrodes and with gastric motility measured from strain gauges. The study was performed in eight healthy dogs chronically implanted with four pairs of electrodes and two strain gauges on the gastric serosa and equipped with a duodenal fistula for the assessment of gastric emptying. Each dog was fed four liquid test meals on four separate days with identical calories (320 kcal) and volume (473 ml). A correlation was found between gastric emptying and the energy of contraction in the frequency band of 3.75-7.50 cycles/min during the first 30 min after the meal (r = 0.46, P < 0.05). While none of the parameters of gastric myoelectrical activity was correlated with gastric emptying, two major parameters, percentage of regular gastric slow waves and percentage of slow-wave coupling, were found to be associated with delayed gastric emptying. A significant correlation was found between the frequency of gastric slow waves and that of the contractions in both fasting (r = 0.83, P < 0.001) and fed state (r = 0.70, P < 0.001 at 30 min, r = 0.86, P < 0.001 at 60 min). It was concluded that gastric emptying is correlated with the strength of gastric contractions in a frequency range identical to that of the gastric slow waves, and there is no one-to-one correlation between gastric emptying of liquids and any parameters of gastric myoelectrical activity. However, major parameters of gastric myoelectrical activity are associated with gastric emptying.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-372
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrogastrography
  • Gastric emptying
  • Gastric motility
  • Gastric myoelectrical activity
  • Gastric slow wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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