Is There a Need to Mitigate the Social and Financial Consequences of Tuberculosis at the Individual and Household Level?

Nils Grede, Joan M. Claros, Saskia de Pee, Martin Bloem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper reviews evidence on social and economic costs of tuberculosis. Key socio-economic consequences include stigma, social isolation, increased out-of-pocket expenditures for medical and non-medical costs and reduced income. Many of the financing methods that households use have long-term negative impacts and the poor are most vulnerable to these costs. Together, these negative consequences adversely affect TB control, in terms of delayed diagnosis, delayed initiation of treatment, suboptimal adherence and failure to complete treatment, as well as the coping and well being of the individual and household. There are two ways to reduce treatment costs for the patient; one can either reduce the direct and indirect costs of seeking a diagnosis and obtaining treatment and/or provide income transfers to offset some of those costs incurred. Social transfers in the form of food, cash or vouchers can mitigate the negative effects by enabling the individual to seek a diagnosis, protecting minimum food expenditures, reducing the need to accumulate debt and reduce productive assets and reducing the negative impacts on other household members, particularly young children and school-age children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-553
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume18
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coping strategies
  • Household expenditure
  • Social transfers
  • Socioeconomic consequences
  • TB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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