Is there a connection between gestational diabetes mellitus, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?

M. Alexander, Amita Gupta, J. S. Mathad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pregnancy is associated with insulin resistance similar to that found in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in key tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries, such as India and China, has been increasing rapidly in the last decade and may be higher in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected women. Pregnancy is also an independent risk factor for developing active TB; however, little is known about the interaction of GDM, HIV and TB. We review the epidemiology and immunology of GDM, and significant research gaps in understanding the interactions between GDM, pregnancy, and TB in women living with and those without HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Gestational Diabetes
Virus Diseases
Tuberculosis
HIV
Pregnancy
Allergy and Immunology
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Insulin Resistance
India
China
Epidemiology
Research

Keywords

  • DM
  • Immunology
  • Pregnancy
  • TB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Is there a connection between gestational diabetes mellitus, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis? / Alexander, M.; Gupta, Amita; Mathad, J. S.

In: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 19-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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