Is the telephone interview for cognitive status a valid alternative in persons who cannot be evaluated by the mini mental state examination?

L. Ferrucci, I. Del Lungo, J. M. Guralnik, S. Bandinelli, E. Benvenuti, B. Salani, M. Lamponi, C. Ubezio, F. Benvenuti, A. Baroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), a widely used tool for first- line assessment of cognitive function, cannot be fully administered to persons with severe visual or upper extremity impairments. This cross- sectional study, which was performed in a sample of patients admitted to the outpatient clinic of the INRCA Geriatric Department 'I Fraticini' (Firenze, Italy) and their relatives, evaluated whether the Telephone Interview for cognitive Status (TICS), a test originally created for telephone screening of cognitive impairment, is a valid alternative for assessment of cognition in persons who cannot provide valid responses to all the MMSE items. Fifteen subjects in each of seven MMSE strata (9-11, 12-14, 15-17, 18-20, 21-23, 24- 26, 27-30) were consecutively selected. Inclusion criteria were: age ≥ 60 years; Italian as the main language; education ≥3 years; medical stability; and ability to complete the MMSE. At admission, participants were examined for dementia by an expert clinician according to the DSM IV criteria. Italian versions of the TICS and the MMSE were administered face-to-face by two trained interviewers. The TICS was readministered face-to-face one week later by the same interviewer that had previously administered the test. The TICS showed good test-retest reproducibility. Assessments taken one week apart differed on average by 0.52±1.9 points (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-338
Number of pages7
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume10
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Dementia
  • MMSE
  • TICS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    Ferrucci, L., Del Lungo, I., Guralnik, J. M., Bandinelli, S., Benvenuti, E., Salani, B., Lamponi, M., Ubezio, C., Benvenuti, F., & Baroni, A. (1998). Is the telephone interview for cognitive status a valid alternative in persons who cannot be evaluated by the mini mental state examination? Aging clinical and experimental research, 10(4), 332-338.