Is prolonged breast-feeding associated with malnutrition?

C. G. Victora, J. P. Vaughan, J. C. Martines, L. B. Barcelos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The association between duration of breast-feeding and nutritional status was studied in a population-based sample of 802 children aged 12 to 35.9 months in Southern Brazil during 1982. The prevalence of malnutrition (low weight for age, length for age, and weight for length) was smallest in those children breast-fed for 3 to 6 months, but after this age nutritional status appeared to be worse in those breast-fed for longer. Children still being breast-fed at the time of the survey presented with a significantly higher prevalence of low weight for the length than those who had been totally weaned, and those receiving breast-plus bottle-feeding presented with intermediate levels. This association could not be explained by a number of possible confounding variables using a multiple logistic regression analysis. These results are also consistent with a controlled trial on supplementary feeding in the Sudan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume39
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

breast feeding
Breast Feeding
Malnutrition
malnutrition
breasts
Breast
Nutritional Status
Weights and Measures
nutritional status
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Bottle Feeding
bottle feeding
Sudan
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Brazil
dietary supplements
regression analysis
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Victora, C. G., Vaughan, J. P., Martines, J. C., & Barcelos, L. B. (1984). Is prolonged breast-feeding associated with malnutrition? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 39(2), 307-314.

Is prolonged breast-feeding associated with malnutrition? / Victora, C. G.; Vaughan, J. P.; Martines, J. C.; Barcelos, L. B.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 39, No. 2, 1984, p. 307-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Victora, CG, Vaughan, JP, Martines, JC & Barcelos, LB 1984, 'Is prolonged breast-feeding associated with malnutrition?', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 307-314.
Victora CG, Vaughan JP, Martines JC, Barcelos LB. Is prolonged breast-feeding associated with malnutrition? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1984;39(2):307-314.
Victora, C. G. ; Vaughan, J. P. ; Martines, J. C. ; Barcelos, L. B. / Is prolonged breast-feeding associated with malnutrition?. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1984 ; Vol. 39, No. 2. pp. 307-314.
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