Is olestra consumption associated with changes in dietary intake, serum lipids, and body weight?

Jessie Satia-Abouta, Alan R. Kristal, Ruth E. Patterson, Marian L. Neuhouser, John C. Peters, Cheryl L. Rock, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Lawrence J Cheskin, Mark D. Thornquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: There is considerable controversy regarding the effects of fat substitutes (such as the non-caloric fat substitute, olestra) on Americans' diet and health. This report gives associations of olestra consumption (in savory snacks) with changes in nutrient intake, serum lipid concentrations, and body weight 1 y after these snacks became available nationally in the United States. METHODS: Participants were 1178 adults recruited from three large U.S. cities. At baseline (before the availability of olestra), participants attended a clinic visit and completed questionnaires (including a food-frequency questionnaire), provided fasting blood samples, and had height and weight measured. The clinic visit was repeated about 1 y later, after the introduction of olestra-containing snacks in the marketplace. Olestra consumption was categorized as "none," "very low" (>0 to

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)754-759
Number of pages6
JournalNutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Fat substitutes
  • Fat-modified foods
  • Olestra
  • Savory snacks
  • Serum lipids
  • Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Surgery
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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  • Cite this

    Satia-Abouta, J., Kristal, A. R., Patterson, R. E., Neuhouser, M. L., Peters, J. C., Rock, C. L., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Cheskin, L. J., & Thornquist, M. D. (2003). Is olestra consumption associated with changes in dietary intake, serum lipids, and body weight? Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 19(9), 754-759. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0899-9007(03)00138-2