Is atrial activation beneficial in heart transplant recipients?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Because of the distortion of alrial morphology that occurs during cardiac allograft transplantation in humans, the beneficial effects of properly sequenced atrial and ventricular activation are unclear in these patients. To evaluate the atrial contribution to ventricular pump performance in heart transplant recipients, arterial pressure and cardiac output during pacing from either chamber were measured in nine patients 10 ± 1 days after transplantation. Systolic, diastolic and mean systemic arterial pressures were significantly higher during atrial pacing compared with ventricular pacing: 143 ± 23 versus 125 ± 20 mm Hg, 73 ± 15 versus 66 ± 14 mm Hg and 94 ± 17 versus 84 ± 16 mm Hg, respectively (p <0.05 for all). In addition, cardiac output decreased from 5.5 ± 1.4 to 4.6 ± 1.5 liters/min (p <0.005) for atrial versus ventricular pacing. Thus, there is a significant atrial contribution to cardiac performance in patients after heart transplantation. This may have clinical implications in those patients who later require a permanent pacemaker.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1201-1204
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1990

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Heart Transplantation
Cardiac Output
Arterial Pressure
Allografts
Transplantation
Transplant Recipients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Is atrial activation beneficial in heart transplant recipients? / Midei, Mark G.; Baughman, Kenneth L.; Achuff, Stephen C; Walford, Gary D; Baumgartner, William A; Brinker, Jeffrey A.

In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 16, No. 5, 01.11.1990, p. 1201-1204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Because of the distortion of alrial morphology that occurs during cardiac allograft transplantation in humans, the beneficial effects of properly sequenced atrial and ventricular activation are unclear in these patients. To evaluate the atrial contribution to ventricular pump performance in heart transplant recipients, arterial pressure and cardiac output during pacing from either chamber were measured in nine patients 10 ± 1 days after transplantation. Systolic, diastolic and mean systemic arterial pressures were significantly higher during atrial pacing compared with ventricular pacing: 143 ± 23 versus 125 ± 20 mm Hg, 73 ± 15 versus 66 ± 14 mm Hg and 94 ± 17 versus 84 ± 16 mm Hg, respectively (p <0.05 for all). In addition, cardiac output decreased from 5.5 ± 1.4 to 4.6 ± 1.5 liters/min (p <0.005) for atrial versus ventricular pacing. Thus, there is a significant atrial contribution to cardiac performance in patients after heart transplantation. This may have clinical implications in those patients who later require a permanent pacemaker.",
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