Is anti-müllerian hormone associated with fecundability? Findings from the EAGeR trial

Shvetha M. Zarek, Emily M. Mitchell, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Sunni L. Mumford, Robert M. Silver, Joseph B. Stanford, Noya Galai, Mark V. White, Karen C. Schliep, Alan H. DeCherney, Enrique F. Schisterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate whether anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is associated with fecundability among women with proven fecundity and a history of pregnancy loss. Design: This was a prospective cohort study within a multicenter, block-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial (clinicaltrials.gov, number NCT00467363). Setting: The study was conducted at four US medical centers (2006-2012). Participants: Participating women were aged 18-40 years, with a history of one to two pregnancy losses who were actively attempting pregnancy. Main Outcome Measures: Time to human chorionic gonadotropin detected and clinical pregnancy were assessed using Cox proportional hazard regression models to estimate fecundability odds ratios (fecundability odds ratios with 95% confidence interval [CI]) adjusted for age, race, body mass index, income, low-dose aspirin treatment, parity, number of previous losses, and time since most recent loss. Analyses examined by preconception AMH levels: low (<1.00 ng/mL, n = 124); normal (referent 1.00-3.5 ng/mL, n = 595); and high (>3.5 ng/mL, n = 483). Results: Of the 1202 women with baselineAMHlevels, 82 women with lowAMH(66.1%) achieved an human chorionic gonadotropin detected pregnancy, compared with 383 with normal AMH (65.2%) and 315 with high AMH level (65.2%). Low or high AMH levels relative to normal AMH (referent) were not associated with fecundability (low AMH: fecundability odds ratios 1.13, 95% CI 0.85-1.49; high AMH: FOR 1.04, 95% CI 0.87-1.24). Conclusions: Lower and higher AMH values were not associated with fecundability in unassisted conceptions in a cohort of fecund women with a history of one or two prior losses. Our data do not support routine AMH testing for preconception counseling in young, fecund women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4215-4221
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume100
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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