Is alexithymia distinct from health locus of control?

T. N. Wise, L. S. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Both locus of control and alexithymia have been considered personality factors fostering health concerns and behaviors. This study investigates the relationship between the health locus of control and alexithymia. Method: Seventy-eight psychiatric outpatients were administered the Wallston Health Locus of Control Scale (HLC), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (HLC), and the Five Factor Inventory, which measures neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Depressive and anxious affect was also measured. Regression models were developed to assess the influence of the above variables upon alexithymia. Results: Although there was a significant bivariant correlation between an external locus of control and increased alexithymia, regression models found that HLC did not significantly predict TAS. Neuroticism, however, provided the most significant contribution to predict increased alexithymia. Conclusion: Neuroticism may link HLC and TAS due to the face validity of each construct. A sense of vulnerability is stated in each measure. This may foster somatic preoccupation. The data suggest HLC and TAS to be separate phenomena and further support the validity of alexithymia as a unique personality trait.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of psychiatry in medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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