Is alexithymia distinct from health locus of control?

Thomas Wise, L. S. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Both locus of control and alexithymia have been considered personality factors fostering health concerns and behaviors. This study investigates the relationship between the health locus of control and alexithymia. Method: Seventy-eight psychiatric outpatients were administered the Wallston Health Locus of Control Scale (HLC), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (HLC), and the Five Factor Inventory, which measures neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Depressive and anxious affect was also measured. Regression models were developed to assess the influence of the above variables upon alexithymia. Results: Although there was a significant bivariant correlation between an external locus of control and increased alexithymia, regression models found that HLC did not significantly predict TAS. Neuroticism, however, provided the most significant contribution to predict increased alexithymia. Conclusion: Neuroticism may link HLC and TAS due to the face validity of each construct. A sense of vulnerability is stated in each measure. This may foster somatic preoccupation. The data suggest HLC and TAS to be separate phenomena and further support the validity of alexithymia as a unique personality trait.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Affective Symptoms
Internal-External Control
Health
Personality
Foster Home Care
Reproducibility of Results
Psychiatry
Outpatients
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Is alexithymia distinct from health locus of control? / Wise, Thomas; Mann, L. S.

In: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.01.1993, p. 339-347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{20f888df4858498f8afb8dab2fd8dd91,
title = "Is alexithymia distinct from health locus of control?",
abstract = "Objective: Both locus of control and alexithymia have been considered personality factors fostering health concerns and behaviors. This study investigates the relationship between the health locus of control and alexithymia. Method: Seventy-eight psychiatric outpatients were administered the Wallston Health Locus of Control Scale (HLC), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (HLC), and the Five Factor Inventory, which measures neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Depressive and anxious affect was also measured. Regression models were developed to assess the influence of the above variables upon alexithymia. Results: Although there was a significant bivariant correlation between an external locus of control and increased alexithymia, regression models found that HLC did not significantly predict TAS. Neuroticism, however, provided the most significant contribution to predict increased alexithymia. Conclusion: Neuroticism may link HLC and TAS due to the face validity of each construct. A sense of vulnerability is stated in each measure. This may foster somatic preoccupation. The data suggest HLC and TAS to be separate phenomena and further support the validity of alexithymia as a unique personality trait.",
author = "Thomas Wise and Mann, {L. S.}",
year = "1993",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2190/99DA-YKMU-4N1T-1VRF",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "339--347",
journal = "International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine",
issn = "0091-2174",
publisher = "Baywood Publishing Co. Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is alexithymia distinct from health locus of control?

AU - Wise, Thomas

AU - Mann, L. S.

PY - 1993/1/1

Y1 - 1993/1/1

N2 - Objective: Both locus of control and alexithymia have been considered personality factors fostering health concerns and behaviors. This study investigates the relationship between the health locus of control and alexithymia. Method: Seventy-eight psychiatric outpatients were administered the Wallston Health Locus of Control Scale (HLC), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (HLC), and the Five Factor Inventory, which measures neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Depressive and anxious affect was also measured. Regression models were developed to assess the influence of the above variables upon alexithymia. Results: Although there was a significant bivariant correlation between an external locus of control and increased alexithymia, regression models found that HLC did not significantly predict TAS. Neuroticism, however, provided the most significant contribution to predict increased alexithymia. Conclusion: Neuroticism may link HLC and TAS due to the face validity of each construct. A sense of vulnerability is stated in each measure. This may foster somatic preoccupation. The data suggest HLC and TAS to be separate phenomena and further support the validity of alexithymia as a unique personality trait.

AB - Objective: Both locus of control and alexithymia have been considered personality factors fostering health concerns and behaviors. This study investigates the relationship between the health locus of control and alexithymia. Method: Seventy-eight psychiatric outpatients were administered the Wallston Health Locus of Control Scale (HLC), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (HLC), and the Five Factor Inventory, which measures neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Depressive and anxious affect was also measured. Regression models were developed to assess the influence of the above variables upon alexithymia. Results: Although there was a significant bivariant correlation between an external locus of control and increased alexithymia, regression models found that HLC did not significantly predict TAS. Neuroticism, however, provided the most significant contribution to predict increased alexithymia. Conclusion: Neuroticism may link HLC and TAS due to the face validity of each construct. A sense of vulnerability is stated in each measure. This may foster somatic preoccupation. The data suggest HLC and TAS to be separate phenomena and further support the validity of alexithymia as a unique personality trait.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027891918&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027891918&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2190/99DA-YKMU-4N1T-1VRF

DO - 10.2190/99DA-YKMU-4N1T-1VRF

M3 - Article

C2 - 8175246

AN - SCOPUS:0027891918

VL - 23

SP - 339

EP - 347

JO - International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

JF - International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

SN - 0091-2174

IS - 4

ER -