Irritable Bowel Syndrome: What Treatments Really Work

Nuha Alammar, Ellen Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is present in patients with symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits but no identifiable organic etiology. Rome IV classification groups patients based on predominant stool pattern. Low-FODMAP diets have been helpful in providing symptom relief, as have cognitive behavioral and mind-body techniques that help patients manage symptoms. Targeted symptomatic relief for the patient's predominant symptoms provides relief in addition to effective older medications that are inexpensive and reliable. Newer treatments for IBS-D, such as eluxadoline, and IBS-C, with linaclotide, lubiprostone, plecanatide, also can provide durable relief.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-152
Number of pages16
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Rome criteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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