IQ SPECT allows a significant reduction in administered dose and acquisition time for myocardial perfusion imaging: Evidence from a phantom study

Federico Caobelli, Stefano Ren Kaiser, James T. Thackeray, Frank M. Bengel, Matteo Chieregato, Alberto Soffientini, Claudio Pizzocaro, Giordano Savelli, Marco Galelli, Ugo Paolo Guerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We recently demonstrated in a clinical trial the ability of a new protocol, IQ SPECT, to acquire myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) studies in a quarter of the time (12 s/view) of the standard protocol, with preserved diagnostic accuracy. We now aim to establish the lower limit of radioactivity that can be administered to patients and the minimum acquisition time in SPECT MPI using an IQ SPECT protocol, while preserving diagnostic accuracy. Methods: An anthropomorphic cardiac phantom was used to acquire clinical rest scans with a simulated in vivo distribution of 99mTc-tetrofosmin at full dose (740 MBq) and at doses equal to 50%, 25%, and 18%. For each dose, 2 sets of images were acquired, with and without a transmural defect (TD). Variable acquisition times were also used for each dose. We analyzed raw data and reconstructed images, including no correction and correction for attenuation (AC), for scatter (SC), or for both (ACSC). Images were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively in order to assess left ventricle (LV) wall thickness (full width at half maximum of the medial sections), TD, and cavity contrast in the LV wall. Data were compared across different acquisition times within the same dose and across doses with the same acquisition time. Results: Images were visually scored as very-good quality except those acquired with 4 s/view or less at 100% dose and 6 s/view or less with 50%, 25%, or 18% dose, due to false-positive defects. LV wall thickness was not significantly different among all acquisitions. Cavity contrast remained unchanged within the same dose for all images and tended to be higher in AC and ACSC images. TD contrast remained unchanged within the same dose for all images. In SC and no-correction images, contrast was constant for all doses. AC images had significantly higher TD contrast values, and ACSC images showed a drop in TD contrast for a 50% dose. Conclusion: IQ SPECT effectively preserved both image quality and quantitative measurements with reduced acquisition time or administered dose in a phantom study. These findings suggest that approximately one eighth of the time, compared with standard protocols with a full dose, or a lower dose at an acquisition time of 12 s/view can be applied in MPI without the loss of diagnostic accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2064-2070
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume55
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • IQ SPECT
  • Low counts acquisition
  • Myocardial perfusion imaging
  • Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT/CT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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