Ionophore-releasable lumenal Ca2+ stores are not required for nuclear envelope assembly or nuclear protein import in Xenopus egg extracts

Ian C.B. Marshall, Tracey M. Gant, Katherine L. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nuclear envelope of higher eukaryotes disassembles early in mitosis and reassembles later around the daughter chromosomes. Previous in vitro work supported the hypothesis that the release of lumenal Ca2+ stores via inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-gated Ca2+ channels is required for nuclear assembly in Xenopus egg extracts [1,2]. Other work suggested that lumenal Ca2+ stores are required for nuclear protein import in mammalian cells in vivo, but not in vitro [3]. Here, we rigorously tested the role of lumenal Ca2+ stores in nuclear assembly and nuclear protein import using Xenopus egg extracts. Lumenal Ca2+ stores were depleted by pretreating the extracts with Ca2+ ionophores (ionomycin, A23187) or inhibitors of Ca2+-sequestering pumps (thapsigargin, cyclopiazonic acid). Extracts depleted of lumenal Ca2+ stores assembled nuclei around demembranated sperm chromatin. These nuclei were morphologically indistinguishable from control nuclei when viewed by light or electron microscopy. Nuclei lacking lumenal Ca2+ stores excluded membrane-impermeant fluorescent dextrans, indicating the formation of a sealed nuclear envelope, and they accumulated a fluorescent nucleophilic protein, nucleoplasmin, indicating that nuclear pore complexes were functional. DNA replication occurred in the lumenal-Ca2+-depleted nuclei, though less efficiently than control nuclei. Our demonstration that in vitro nuclear import does not depend on lumenal Ca2+ stores confirms a previous unpublished observation by Greber and Gerace [3], and suggests that import defects seen in ionophore-treated living cells are not directly due to the loss of lumenal Ca2+. Finally, we concluded that, contrary to our expectations, lumenal Ca2+ stores are not required for nuclear envelope assembly in Xenopus egg extracts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-161
Number of pages11
JournalCell Calcium
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ionophore-releasable lumenal Ca2+ stores are not required for nuclear envelope assembly or nuclear protein import in Xenopus egg extracts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this