Investigations into the Fat Pads of the Sole of the Foot: Anatomy and Histology

Melvin H. Jahss, James D. Michelson, Panna Desai, Robert Kaye, Steven Reich, Frederick Kummer, William Buschman, Frank Watkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anatomical, histological, and histochemical studies were performed on normal and abnormal fat pads of the sole of cadaver feet. The fat pads were found to contain a significant nerve and blood supply separate from that to the surrounding musculature and skin. Pacinian corpuscles and free nerve endings within the fat were identified. Histological analysis indicated a meshwork of fibroelastic septae arranged in a closed-cell configuration. The mechanical consequences of this organization are discussed in the context of the weightbearing role of the fat pads of the feet. Alterations seen in dysvascular or senescent feet are consistent with the hypothesis that the septal anatomy of the fat pads is central to their cushioning function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-242
Number of pages10
JournalFoot & Ankle International
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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