Objective: The serious arrhythmia which results in sudden death is related with increased sympathetic activity and diminished parasympathetic activity in mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Heart rate variability (HRV) is a simple method to assess both sympathetic and parasympathetic activities. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is a difference in HRV according to the severity of MVP. Material and Methods: The research was conducted in 88 person (58 woman and 30 man, mean age 35 ± 11 years) between 2008-2009. Twelve derivated electrocardiography machine and HRV analysis programme were used for HRV. The low frequency (LF) value which reflecting a HRV parameter, i.e; sympathovagal activity, high frequency (HF) value which reflecting parasympathetic activity and LF/HF ratio reflecting sympathovagal balance were measured. Results: It was found that mean LF value of control group was lower than that in moderate and severe MVP groups (p<0.05, p<0.001 respectively), when they were compared according to their HRV parameters. Moreover, when the patient groups were compared with each other it was determined that LF level of heavy MVP group was lower than mild MVP (p<0.01). HF and LF/HF values was lower in severe MVP group compared to control group (p<0.01, p<0.05 respectively). Conclusion: As a result, while prolapse level rises, heart rate variability decreases in MVP patients in this research. So, early detection of decreased heart rate variability in patients with mitral valve prolapse is significant in terms of risk definition and prevent the possible arrhythmia-induced complications.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Turkiye Klinikleri Cardiovascular Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
- Heart rate
- Mitral valve prolapse
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine