Eleven patients with suspected invasive pulmonary aspergillosis underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Images were obtained with standard spin-echo sequences and electrocardiographic triggering before and after intravenous administration of gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid. Thirty-seven of 48 lesions seen on MR images were nodular infiltrates; 34 of these had a targetlike appearance, with hypointense centers and iso- or hyperintense rims. Twenty-three of 37 nodular lesions contained areas of hyperintensity on T1-weighted images. All 37 had enhanced rims on postconstrast MR images. The remaining 11 lesions were segmental infiltrates, seven of which were predominantly hyperintense on T1-weighted images. In one patient with nodular lesions, MR imaging findings were correlated with those from pathologic analysis of a resected upper lobe. Areas of hyperintensivity corresponded to subacute hemorrhage permeated by Aspergillus organisms. The authors believe that the typical targetlike appearance of nodular lesions on MR images and the potential that MR imaging has to reveal hemorrhagic content will prove useful in the early diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
- Lung, MR studies
- Lung, infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging